- Students will construct, examine and extend the meaning of various kinds of text.
- Students will organize and evaluate information to communicate with others.
- Students will use literary knowledge to connect self to society and culture.
- Students will use written and oral communication appropriate for various purposes and audiences.

- Use a combination of effective, efficient word recognition strategies to comprehend printed text (e.g., context clues, word parts, phonics, analogy).
- Read a variety of texts and genres fluently (orally) as appropriate to the child.
- Use context and picture clues.

- Categorize words and phrases to develop concepts.
- Use dictionaries, glossaries and thesauruses to confirm meaning and word choices while reading and writing.
- Use synonyms, antonyms, homonyms and homographs to construct meaning while reading and enrich writing.

- Set purpose(s) for reading, listening, or viewing.
- Make and revise predictions.
- Use appropriate strategies to assist comprehension (e.g., reread, adjust rate of reading, seek meaning of unknown vocabulary).

- Identify character, setting (time and place), main idea, and plot.
- Identify and begin to interpret figurative language and literary devices (e.g., similes, metaphors, personification, point of view).
- Identify author's purpose.

- Make and revise predictions as needed.
- Retell stories in oral and written form.
- Restate informative texts including important details.
- Organize the important points of text using summaries, outlines, or other graphic organizers.
- Compare information within and between texts.
- Discriminate between fact and opinion.
- Draw conclusions and determine cause/effect.
- Follow oral and written directions.
- Relate content of text to real-life situations.
- Offer a personal response to texts.
- Apply information from printed, electronic and oral texts to complete authentic tasks (projects).
- Use divergent thinking.
- Evaluate how electronic, print, and cinematic messages affect them.
- Recognize the underlying purposes of media messages (e.g., profit, humanitarianism, support of artistry).

- Connect and synthesize information from different sources.
- Formulate, express, and support opinions.
- Respond to open-ended questions to analyze and evaluate texts (e.g., author's purpose, character analysis).
- Differentiate between literal and non-literal meaning.
- Evaluate texts and media presentations for bias and misinformation.
- Acknowledge the possibility of a variety of interpretations of the same text.
- Compare information within and between texts.

- Writing expressive, informative, and persuasive texts.
- Writing that reflects appropriate organization, development of ideas, use of voice and tone, word choice, and transitions.
- Begin to write with a sense of audience.
- Uses the prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing components of the writing process.
- Apply appropriate grammatical structures to writing.
- Use complete sentences, varied in length and structure.
- Use correct subject-verb agreement and noun-pronoun agreement.
- Begin to use compound and complex sentences.

- Apply appropriate mechanics of writing, such as:
- Recognize words that are misspelled and refer to resources for correction.
- Move from writing using invented spelling to writing using an increasing percentage of conventional spelling.
- Capitalize beginning words of sentences, proper nouns, "I", and titles.
- Begin to use commas, apostrophes, and quotation marks.

- Use oral language for different purposes (inform, persuade, and express self).
- Share related ideas on a topic in a sequential order (including beginning, middle, and end) appropriate for the audience.
- Include necessary details.
- Paraphrase information shared orally by others.
- Speak clearly and audibly using expression/appropriate tone.
- Use audio/visual aids when appropriate.
- Respond to feed-back and answer questions.

- Solve problems.
- Communicate mathematically.
- Reason mathematically.
- Make mathematical connections.

- Connecting representations of whole numbers (e.g., concrete materials, drawings or pictures, mathematical symbols).
- Building and reading whole numbers to one million using groups of 1's, 10's, 100's, 1,000's and 10,000's.
- Counting on, counting back, and counting by multiples.
- Demonstrating an understanding of order relations for whole numbers.
- Using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division on whole numbers with understanding.
- Demonstrate commutative and associative properties of addition.
- Study inverse relationships of addition and subtraction.
- Connect repeated addition with multiplication and repeated subtraction with division.
- Understand and use division and multiplication as inverse operations.

- Demonstrating expanded notation to one million.
- Showing whole/part relationships.
- Identifying equal parts of a whole and equal parts of a set using halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, eighths, and tenths.
- Adding, subtracting, and multiplying like fractions.
- Studying the concepts of improper fractions, mixed numbers and decimals.
- Studying equivalency of improper fractions and mixed numbers, like and unlike fractions.
- Recognizing and defining mathematical terms for addend, sum, subtrahend, minuend, difference, multiplicand, multiplier, divisor, dividend, quotient, numerator, denominator.
- Solving word problems in addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
- Studying prime and composite numbers.

- Selecting the most appropriate standard unit and use it to estimate, measure, and compare length, height, width, distance around and capacity.
- Estimating and measuring the perimeter of rectangles using non-standards units.
- Selecting an appropriate non-standard unit and use it to cover, count, and compare the area of shapes.
- Selecting an appropriate non-standard unit and use it to count/fill and compare volume/capacity.
- Estimating, measuring and comparing mass/weight and volume using standard units of measure.
- Measuring time using standard units (e.g., minutes, hours, days, weeks, years).
- Reading and recording temperature to the nearest degree.
- Identifying all coins; make coin amounts up to $1; add and subtract any amount of dollars and cents.
- Determining the change due from a purchase.
- Writing decimal notation when representing money.
- Knowing and using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division fact families.
- Developing, using, and explaining strategies:
- To add and subtract single-digit and multi-digit whole numbers
- To multiply whole numbers with at least one single-digit factor
- To divide whole numbers using single-digit divisors

- Selecting appropriate methods of calculation from among mental math, paper and pencil, calculators, or computers.
- Making estimates before measuring, counting, and computing.
- Rounding whole numbers and values of money to the nearest ten, hundred, and dollar as an estimation strategy.

- Representing and using operations with symbols.
- Using symbols as representations of unknown quantities
- Solving open sentences such as __ + 3 = 11, using informal methods and explain the solution.
- Finding the distance between 2 points on a number line.

- Naming and sorting solid and plane figures using several attributes.
- Verifying symmetrical shapes by drawing lines of symmetry.
- Identifying an example of flip, slide, and turn.
- Understanding the concept of angles and gain skill in measurement and addition of angles.
- Recognizing and defining obtuse, acute, whole, straight and right angles.
- Identifying angles formed when 2 straight lines are cut by a transversal.
- Identifying angles formed when 2 parallel lines are cut by a transversal.
- Identifying, constructing, and defining regular and irregular polygons through decagon, trapezoid, parallelogram and quadrilateral.
- Identifying, constructing and defining triangles by sides (isosceles, equilateral and scalene) and angles (acute, obtuse, and right).
- Exploring concepts of point, line, surface and solids.
- Constructing and defining lines (horizontal, vertical, diagonal, convergent, divergent, parallel, perpendicular).
- Understanding and calculating perimeter and area of quadrilaterals.
- Identifying nomenclature for the families of rectangle, circle, quadrilateral, polygon and curvilinear shapes.

- Creating patterns using number relationships
- Sorting numbers into different classes (e.g., evens, odds, multiples, actors).

- Collecting data by observing, measuring, surveying, and counting.
- Demonstrating a variety of techniques for representing and organizing data (e.g., tallies, pictographs, bar graphs).
- Using various methods to interpret data (e.g., liking for patterns and relationships, drawing conclusions, answering the stated question or related questions generated by students).
- Using probability experiments to find the likelihood of the outcomes of a simple chance event.

- We all share the sacredness of life
- We all belong to groups and institutions
- We all place ourselves in time and space
- We are an inseparable part of nature
- We are all engaged in producing and consuming
- We all seek to live with purpose

- Formation of the Universe - Creation Myths, Big Bang Theory
- Formation of the Galaxies and Stars
- Formation of the Solar System
- Our Sun and Planets
- Formation of the Earth

- Layers of the Earth
- The Earth's Interior
- Earthquakes and Volcanoes
- Plate Tectonics
- Oceans of the World
- Layers of the Atmosphere
- Three Types of Rocks; Mineral Study
- The Earth's Movements - Day and night, changing seasons

- Centrifugal force
- Forces of Gravity
- Magnetism
- Basic laws of physics

- Three states of matter
- Mixtures and solutions

- Geologic time - earth's preparation for life, the first living things
- Study of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras - dominant life forms
- Early Man

- Living/Non-living
- The Five Kingdoms of Living Things
- Vertebrates/Invertebrates
- Identify the parts and functions of plants and animals
- Role of plants and animals in the food chain and the balance of life on our planet

- Fundamental Human Needs of People
- Continent Studies
- Advanced land and water forms
- Flag study
- Puzzle maps, pin maps
- Mapping skills - cardinal and intermediate directions, compass rose, hemispheres, imaginary lines of demarcation, climate zones
- Care of the precious resources of our earth
- Becoming responsible producers, consumers and conservers.